- provision of quality education and enhancing learning outcomes of students;
- Bridging Social and Gender Gaps in School Education;
- Ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education;
- Ensuring minimum standards in schooling provisions;
- Promoting Vocationalisation of education;
- Support States in implementation of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009; and
- Strengthening and up-gradation of SCERTs/State Institutes of Education and DIET as a nodal agencies for teacher training.
- This scheme (from 1st April, 2018 to 31st March, 2020) was recently approved by the Cabinet. It subsumes the following three schemes
- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
- Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, and
- Centrally Sponsored Scheme on Teacher Education-To create a sound institutional infrastructure for pre-service and in-service training of elementary & secondary school teachers and for provision of academic resource support to elementary and secondary schools.
Samagra Shiksha envisages ‘school’ as a continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to senior secondary levels.
- The Scheme will be implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme by the Centre through a single State Implementation Society (SIS) at the State/UT level.
- The major interventions, across all levels of school education, proposed under the scheme are: (i) Universal Access including Infrastructure Development and Retention; (ii) Gender and Equity; (iii) Inclusive Education; (iv) Quality; (v) Financial support for Teacher Salary; (vi) Digital initiatives; (vii) RTE Entitlements including uniforms, textbooks etc.;(viii) Pre-school Education; (ix) Vocational Education; (x) Sports and Physical Education; (xi) Strengthening of Teacher Education and Training; (xii) Monitoring; (xiii) Programme Management; and (xiii) National Component.
- Focus on regional balance: It is proposed that preference in the interventions would be given to Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs), LWEs affected districts, Special Focus Districts (SFDs), Border areas and the 115 Aspirational districts.
- RAKSHA: it is self-defence training where the girls are taught to become psychologically, intellectually and physically strong enough to protect themselves in times of distress.
- RASHTRIYA MADHYAMIK SHIKSHA ABHIYAN (RMSA)
To enhance access to secondary education and to improve its quality through making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms, removing gender, socio-economic and disability barriers, providing universal access to secondary level education
- Important physical facilities provided under the scheme are: Additional class rooms, Laboratories, Toilet blocks, Residential Hostels for Teachers in remote areas etc.
- The scheme envisages to enhance the enrolment by providing a secondary school with a reasonable distance (5-7 km) of habitation, with an aim to ensure GER of 100 per cent and universal retention by 2020.
- Important quality interventions provided under the scheme are: appointment of additional teachers to reduce PTR to 30:1, focus on Science, Math and English education, training of teachers, etc.
- Important equity interventions provided in the scheme are: preference to Ashram schools for upgradation, preference to areas with concentration of SC/ST/Minority for opening of schools etc.
- Apart from focusing on the vulnerable groups (ST/SC groups, minority girls, etc.) it also aims at inclusive education for differently abled children.
- SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAAN
- Universal elementary education access and retention.
- Bridging of gender and social category gaps in education and
- Enhancement of learning levels of children.
- Children between 6-14 years of age from all backgrounds.
- A flagship programme which includes variety of interventions, like opening of new schools, construction of toilets (Swach Vidyalaya Campaign – separate toilets for girls and boys in all schools), periodic teacher training and academic resource support etc.
- Sub-Programmes under SSA:
- The ‘Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat’ (PBBB)
- The Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan (RAA)
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas – in educationally backward blocks to promote girls’ education.
- PADHE BHARAT BADHE BHARAT
- Special focus on improving language development and to create interest in mathematics.
- To recognise social perspective of home school transition.
- Focus on children in classes 1 and 2 to improve learning outcomes.
- Reading Initiative: upto class 8
- Launched in 2014, it is implemented countrywide.
- The two tracks of the programme are: Early reading and writing with comprehension (ERWC) and Early mathematics (EM).
- As a follow up, National Reading Initiative was launched to develop and promote the habit of reading among students in elementary schools, thereby extending the programme up to class 8.
- An annual library grant has been provided in all Government Schools.
Creating an ecosystem, wherein education will be attached with imbibing knowledge and improving learning output.
Children of Government school, Government Aided school etc. (Std 1st-8th)
- Will enhance the community involvement (by involving volunteers like NRIs, retired teachers, government officials, defence personnel, professionals, etc.) in Government run elementary schools and effectively engage children in coscholastic activities like- reading, creative writing, public speaking, play acting, preparing story books etc.
- The programme has been piloted in 21 states.
- RASHTRIYA AVISHKAR ABHIYAN
- To leverage the potential for science, mathematics and technology learning in non-classroom settings.
- To encourage and nurture schools to be incubators of innovation.
- Students in the age group of 6 – 18 years in Government schools, KVs, special schools, special training centers etc.
- school going students from classes I to XII in sciences
- Mentoring by institutes like IITs/ IIMs/ IISERs and other central universities and reputed organizations through innovative programmes, student exchanges, etc. to develop a natural sense of passion towards learning of science and maths.
- It is a step to promote scientific temper and enquiry promoting the fundamental duty under Article 51(A)