PRADHAN MANTRI KHANIJ KSHETRA KALYAN YOJANA (PMKKKY)


This programme meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations. The most productive mining areas in the country are largely areas inhabited by scheduled tribes. They also are mainly located in the areas covered by the Fifth Schedule of the Constitution. The PMKKKY is, therefore, very sharply focused on safeguarding the health, environment and economic conditions of the tribals and providing them with opportunities to benefit from the vast mineral resources that are extracted from the areas where they live.

Objective
To implement Various developmental and welfare programs in mining affected areas. It’s a minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socioeconomics of people in mining districts. This is ensure longterm Sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas.

Intended beneficiary
People living in directly affected areas – where direct mining-related operations such as excavation, mining, blasting, beneficiation and waste disposal are located. Indirectly affected areas on account of economic, social and environmental consequences due to mining-related operations like by way of deterioration of water, soil and air quality etc. Affected and Displaced Persons and families defined under Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013

Salient features
It will be implemented by the District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) of the respective districts using the funds accruing to the DMF.
DMF are non-profit trusts and is mandated by Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015.
The act says that every mine holder has to contribute 10% of their royalty towards the funds if mining leases are granted after Jan, 2015.
DMF’s objective is to ‘work for the interest and benefit of persons, and areas affected by miningrelated operations’.
High priority areas – at least 60% of PMKKKY funds to be utilized like drinking water supply, Environment preservation and pollution control measures, Health care, Education, Welfare of Women and Children, Skill development and Sanitation
Up to 40% of the PMKKKY funds to be utilized under these heads Physical infrastructure, Irrigation, Energy and Watershed Development and any other measure for enhancing environmental quality in mining district
Approval of Gram Sabha will be required for all plans and projects taken under PMKKKY in villages within scheduled areas.

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