NATIONAL HEALTH MISSION

1. NATIONAL RURAL HEALTH MISSION

Objective

  • To provide accessible, affordable, accountable and effective primary healthcare facilities, especially to the poor and vulnerable sections of the population.
  • Establishing a fully functional, community owned, decentralized health delivery system with inter-sectoral convergence at all levels,
  • Ensures simultaneous action on a wide range of determinants of health such as water, sanitation, education, nutrition, social and gender equality.

Salient features

Initiatives under NRHM:

• Accredited social health activists (ASHA)

• Janani Suraksha Yojana

• National Mobile medical units

• Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK)

• Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK)

• Mother and child health wings (MCH wings)

• RMNCH+A: Reproductive Maternal Newborn Child and Adolescent Health.

• Free drugs and free diagnostic service

• District hospital and knowledge center (DHKC)

• Mainstreaming AYUSH: revitalizing local health traditions.

Cities and towns with population below 50,000 will continue to be covered under NRHM.

2. NATIONAL URBAN HEALTH MISSION

Objective

  • To meet health care needs of the urban population with the focus on urban poor, slum dwellers, by making available to them essential primary health care services
  • Reducing their out of pocket expenses for treatment

Salient features

  • It would cover all State capitals, district headquarters and cities/towns with a population of more than 50000.
  • Need based city specific urban health care system.
  • Partnership with community and local bodies and NGOs.
  • District health action plan.
  • Funding pattern will be 75:25 for all the states and 90:10 for Special Category s States.
  • Under the Programme the support is being provided by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) based on progress related to certain indicators.
  • For Service Delivery Infrastructure it provides- Urban–Primary Health Centre, Urban-Community Health Centre (U-CHC) and Referral Hospitals and Outreach services.
  • For Community Process it includes Mahila Arogya Samiti and ASHA/Link Worker.

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