NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL MARKET (NAM)

  • To promote genuine price discovery
  • Increases farmers’ options for sale and access to markets
  • Liberal licensing of traders /buyers and commission agents. One license for a trader valid across all markets in the State.
  • Harmonization of quality standards of agricultural produce
  • Single point levy of market fees, i.e. on the first wholesale purchase from the farmer.
  • To promote stable prices and availability of quality produce to consumers.
  • Provision of Soil Testing Laboratories in/or near the selected mandi
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme with funding coming from Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund (AITF).
  • NAM is a pan-India electronic trading portal that seeks to network the existing APMCs and other market yards to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
  • Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) has been selected as the lead agency to implement it.
  • The central government will provide the software free of cost to the states and in addition, a one-time grant of up to Rs. 30 lakhs per market will be given for related equipment and infrastructure requirements.
  • 585 wholesale regulated markets/ APMC Markets have been so far integrated with the e-NAM platform in 16 States and 2 Union Territories (UTs).
  • For the local trader in the mandi/market, NAM offers the opportunity to access a larger national market for secondary trading.
  • Bulk buyers, processors, exporters, etc. benefit from being able to participate directly in trading at the local mandi/market level, thereby reducing their intermediation costs.
  • Recently, the first inter-State trade on e-Nam between Andhra Pradesh and Telangana has been carried out.
  • FPOs have also been on-boarded on the e-NAM portal and they have started uploading their produce for trading from their premise. Also, 23 Warehouses of CWC located in AP have been declared as Deemed Market under Agriculture Produce and Livestock Marketing (APLM) Act which will facilitate trading through these warehouses on the e-NAM portal.

Pros and Cons

The producers will be well aware of the prices, that would be made available to them through online trading. It will be cost-friendly to buyers also. The prices would be stable (however, for perishable items, it is still doubtful),. Improved storage facilities, warehousing, cold storage, logistics helpd in maintaining the quality of items.

But, these benefits could inly be achieved if the infrastructure facilities are improved. The storage, warehousing facility needs drastic updation in terms of size and number. The whole linkage system between demand and suppy side is hurdled with intermediaries, transport system, poor knowledge of farmer about price. Their compulsion to sale the produces as early as possible do not support to get the right price of the quality they offer.

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