MISSION FOR INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT OF HORTICULTURE

In 2014, Project CHAMAN was launched which envisages use of satellite remote sensing data along with Geographical Information System (GIS) for generating action plans for horticultural development.

Started from 2014-15, it is a Central Sponsored Scheme alongwith contribution from state governments. The Central government’s share in contribution is 60% (90% for NE states) with remaining share coming from respective state governments. Its objectives are:

  • To promote holistic development of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root & tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowere, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo through area based regionally differentiated strategies which include research, technology promotion, extension, post harvest management, processing and marketing in consonance with comparative advantage of each State/region and its diverse agri-climatic features.
  • Encourage aggregation of farmers in into groups such as FIGs/FPOs and FPCs to bring economy of scale and scope.
  • Enhance horticulture production, augment farmers’ income and strengthen nutritional security,
  • Improve productivity by ways of germplasm, planting material and water use efficiency through micro-irrigation.
  • Support skill development and create employment generation opportunities for rural youth in horticulture and post harvest management, especially in the cold chain sector.

It comprises following sub-schemes and areas of operation:

  1. National Horticulture Mission: to promote holistic growth of horticulture sector through an area based regionally differentiated strategies.
  2. Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States
  3. National Horticulture Board is implemented various schemes under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) in all stated and UTs.
  4. Coconut Development Board is implemented various schemes under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) in all Coconut growing states in the country.
  5. Central Institute for Horticulture, Nagaland for providing technical back stopping through capacity building and training of farmers and field functionaries in the North-Eastern Region.

Strategy

  • It is a technology mission which focuses on production of quality planting material, organic farming, efficient water management etc.
  • Promote, develop and disseminate technologies and generate employment opportunities.
  • Adopt end-to-end approach with backward and forward linkages.
  • Promote R&D technologies for cultivation and other activities with special focus on cold chain infrastructure.
  • Enhance acreage, coverage, and productivity through diversification of crops, extension of technology and increasing acreage of orchards etc.
  • Improve post-harvest management, value addition processing and marketing infrastructure.
  • Adopt a coordinated approach and promote partnership, convergence and synergy among R&D, processing and marketing agencies in public as well as private sectors, at the national, regional, State and sub-State levels
  • Promote FPOs and their links with Market aggregators and financial institutions.
  • Promote capacity-building and Human Resource Development at all levels, including, if need be, change in syllabus and curriculum of graduation courses at Colleges and Universities.

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