GREEN REVOLUTION – KRISHONNATI YOJANA

The ‘Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana’ was approved coterminous with the period of the Fourteenth Finance Commission from 2017-18 to 2019-20. ‘Green Revolution– Krishonnati Yojana’ is an Umbrella Scheme comprising both Central Sector as well as Centrally Sponsored Schemes/Missions. It was introduced in 2005 to boost the agricultural sector. Its main objective is to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic and scientific manner to increase the income of farmers by enhancing production, productivity and betters returns on produce. This Umbrella Scheme has the following Schemes/Missions:

  1. Mission for integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)- to promote holistic growth of horticulture sector, enhance horticulture production, improve nutritional security and income support to farm Households.
  2. National Food Security Mission (NFSM) including National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)- to increase production of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals, oilseeds and commercial crops through area expansion, restoring soil fertility and improving productivity and productivity at the individual farm level and enhancing farm level economy. It also augment the availability of vegetable oils and to reduce the import of edible oils.
  3. National Mission for sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)- to promote sustainable agriculture practices focusing on integrated farming, appropriate soil health management and synergizing resources conservation technology.
  4. Sub-Mission on Agriculture Extension (SAME)- to Strengthen ongoing programmes of States/local bodies to achieve food and nutritional security, empowering farmers, strengthen programme planning, ICT usage and inter-personal communication etc.
  5. Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP)- to increase production of certified/ quality seed, strengthen the seed multiplication chain and modernizing infrastructure for seed production, storage, certification and quality etc., promoting new technologies and methodologies in seed production, processing, testing etc.,
  6. Sub-Mission on Agriculture Mechanization (SMAM)- to increase the reach of farm mechanization, promote ‘Custom Hiring Centres’ to offset the adverse economies of scale arising due to small landholding and high cost, to create hubs for hi-tech and high value farm equipment and create awareness among stakeholders through demonstration and capacity building activities.
  7. Sub-Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine (AMPPQ) – to minimize loss to quality and yield of agricultural crops from insect pests, diseases, weeds, nematodes, rodents, etc., shield agricultural bio-security, facilitate exports and promote good agricultural practices.
  8. Integrated scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics (ISACES)- to undertake the agriculture census, study of the cost of cultivation of principal crops, to undertake research studies on agro-economic problems of the country, to  to improve agricultural statistics methodology and create a hierarchical information system on crop condition and crop production from sowing to harvest.
  9. Integrated scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC)- to provide financial assistance for improving the economic conditions of cooperatives, remove regional imbalances and speed up cooperative development.
  10. Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM)- to develop and provide agricultural marketing infrastructure, promote innovative and latest technologies provide infrastructure facilities for grading, standardization and quality certification of agricultural produce and integrated markets through a common online market platform.
  11. National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A)- to improve access of farmers to information & services, making available timely and relevant information to the farmers for increasing their agriculture productivity.

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